Carbon dating application in archeology
Hence, the term ‘half-life’ was given to radioactive substances.
The radiocarbon method measures the rate of decay in the C14 of organic matter therefore estimating how long ago death occurred.
Du Sautoy stated, “ Additional Readings “A Big Zero: Research Uncovers the Date of the Bakhshali Manuscript.” You Tube, University of Oxford, “Carbon Dating at Oxford University Finds Bakhshali Manuscript Contains Oldest Recorded Origins of the Symbol ‘Zero’.” Fine Books, 14 Sept.
The most important archaeological dating method is radiocarbon dating.
However, there is still a lot to learn from the document itself.
It is challenging to image a world without zero, but many cultures, especially European found it difficult to adopt this new concept.
The stable C12 and C13, and the unstable or radioactive Carbon 14. Only one C14 atom exists for every one trillion C12 atoms.Archaeologists can use this method to date bone, teeth, plants, seeds, burned food remains, coprolites, wood, and any artefact that contains organic materials such as an iron axe head (iron cannot be tested using C14) with a wooden handle or a bronze spear with a wooden shaft.For radiocarbon dating to be reliable scientists need to make a number of vital assumptions.When the University of Oxford tested the document with their Radiocarbon Accelerator Unit they used three different samples and each sample came from a different century.One sample came from 885-993 AD, another from 680-779, and the most shocking from 224-383 AD.