Dating books dating books without copyrights
He writes: After a LONG legal battle (many letters, many representatives), the estate of Robert Frost and their publisher, Henry Holt Inc., sternly and formally forbid me from using the poem for publication or performance… The piece was dead, and would sit under my bed for the next 37 years because of some ridiculous ruling by heirs and lawyers.
(Eventually he asked the poet Charles Anthony Silvestri to write new words for the music that had been set to Frost's poem, you can see the Virtual Choir performance of that composition here and read his full story here; note that Frost’s lawyers were mistaken about when the copyright ends, as indicated above, it lapses in 2019, if it hasn’t already.) Beginning in 2019, the next Whitacre won’t face this frustration, and anyone may use this powerful poem in their own creations.
Students will be free to adapt and publicly perform the music.
Because these works are in the public domain, anyone can make them available, where you can rediscover and enjoy them.
For the first time in over 20 years, on January 1, 2019, published works will enter the US public domain.1 Works from 1923 will be free for all to use and build upon, without permission or fee.
They include dramatic films such as , and comedies featuring Charlie Chaplin, Buster Keaton, and Harold Lloyd.
However, a small subset of works—unpublished works that were not registered with the Copyright Office before 1978—have been entering the public domain after a life plus 70 copyright term.
But, because these works were never published, potential users are much less likely to encounter them.
Back then, your work went into the public domain if you did not include a copyright notice—e.g.
When Disney (of all companies) claimed that was in the public domain, a court disagreed, holding that because the initial 1923 publication was in Germany, the failure to include a copyright notice did not put the book into the US public domain. They range from the books A Wrinkle in Time and The Guns of August, to the film Lawrence of Arabia and the song Blowin’ in the Wind, and much more. In fact, since copyright used to come in renewable terms of 28 years, and 85% of authors did not renew, 85% of the works from 1990 might be entering the public domain!
The 1926 publication was valid, so the book’s copyright expires after 95 years in 2022.4 (The court’s full opinion is here.) Also, while the copyrights in several Jelly Roll Morton songs lapse in 2019, his famous “King Porter Stomp” was not copyrighted until 1924 (even though it was recorded in 1923), so it is not entering the public domain until 2020. Imagine what the great libraries of the world—or just internet hobbyists—could do: digitizing those holdings, making them available for education and research, for pleasure and for creative reuse.
One is Felix Salten’s , the basis for Disney’s famous movie. The 1947 film It’s A Wonderful Life entered the public domain in 1975 because its copyright was not properly renewed after the first 28-year term. Works from 1923 are finally entering the public domain, after a 95-year copyright term.
Salten first published it in Germany without a copyright notice in 1923, then republished it with a compliant copyright notice in 1926. The film had been a flop on release, but thanks to its public domain status, it became a holiday classic. Because TV networks were free to show it over and over again during the holidays, making the film immensely popular. However, under the laws that were in effect until 1978, thousands of works from 1962 would be entering the public domain this year.