Underneath the fortress and the mountain are the famous St.
Pietersberg Caves, a large system of tunnels and passages formed over many centuries by the quarrying of local marlstone.
Highlights include the Imperial Hall and the Imperial Gallery, built between 11, and the fine south doorway known as the Bergportaal, with its Biblical statuary from the 13th century.
Housed in a 16th-century former home of the Dukes of Brabant, its collections include paintings, sculptures, furniture, silver, porcelain, and glass work from Maastricht.
Particular highlights are the Wagner-De Wit collection of works by 17th-century Dutch and Flemish artists, as well as paintings from members of the Hague School, plus sculptures from the Middle Ages.
The Wilhelminabrug, a bridge built over the River Maas in the early 1930s, is a good place from which to begin a walking tour of Maastricht's picturesque riverside districts. Servaasbrug, a splendid seven-arched bridge built in the 13th century and notable for its statue of St. Be sure to visit the historic Wyck District on the right bank of the Maas with its remnants of the old town wall.
Home to the only hilltop castle in the Netherlands, Valkenburg - just 13 kilometers east of Maastricht - has long been a popular holiday resort thanks to its splendid spas. Nicolaaskerk, a Late Gothic church dating from the 14th century with a splendid triptych depicting scenes from the life of St. Other attractions in the old town are its numerous handsome old houses, such as 17th-century Huis Den Halder, and the even older 15th-century Huis Ost.
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Mount Saint Peter (Caestert Plateau), the northernmost section of a large plateau stretching between Maastricht and the city of Liège in Belgium, is well-known as a nature reserve and recreational area, as well as for the 18th-century Fort Sint Pieter.