which consist of Jebel Musa, Mount Catherine and Ras Sufsafeh.
Etheria (circa 4th century CE) wrote, "The whole mountain group looks as if it were a single peak, but, as you enter the group, [you see that] there are more than one." The highest mountain peak is Mount Catherine, rising 2,610 metres (8,550 feet) above the sea and its sister peak, Jebel Musa (2,285 m [7,497 ft]), is not much further behind in height, but is more conspicuous because of the open plain called er Rachah ("the wide").
Mount Catherine and Jebel Musa are both much higher than any mountains in the Sinaitic desert, or in all of Midian.
'The heavens' could be a metaphor for clouds and the 'lake of fire' could be a metaphor for the lava-filled crater.The Pauline Epistles are even more vague, specifying only that it was in Arabia, which covers most of the south-western Middle east.The earliest references to Jebel Musa as Mount Sinai or Mount Sinai being located in the present day Sinai Peninsula are inconclusive.She says the main center of moon worship seems to have been concentrated in the southern Sinai peninsula which the Egyptians seized from the Semitic people who had built shrines and mining camps there.The nawamis were used over and over throughout the centuries for various purposes.